CTRE is an Iowa State University center, administered by the Institute for Transportation.

Address: 2711 S. Loop Drive, Suite 4700, Ames, IA 50010-8664

Phone: 515-294-8103
FAX: 515-294-0467

Website: www.ctre.iastate.edu/

Iowa State University--Becoming the Best

In-Service Evaluation of Culvert Extensions


Principal investigators:

Project status

In progress

Start date: 07/01/17
End date: 12/31/18


Sponsor(s): Iowa Department of Transportation

About the research


Current design manuals direct designers to extend culverts to the edge of clear zone before connecting to the wing wall. However, in the case of large culverts, placing vertical drop-offs at the edge of clear zone is still concerning and may warrant protection. In these cases, since a barrier may already be warranted, there exists a potential cost savings by shortening the culvert and connecting to the wing wall just beyond the deflection of the barrier.

While introducing a barrier would replace one hazard with another, unprotected culverts/pipe openings account for an annual average societal cost of $33.5 million. Protecting these openings with barriers may be a cost savings by itself, but paired with the reduced construction cost by shortening the culvert, the combination may be even more beneficial.

The goals of this study are as follows: